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Elena Galkina » PERSONAL PRONOUNS

PERSONAL PRONOUNS

PERSONAL PRONOUNS

Telling a story can get tiring pretty quickly if you have to keep saying every person´s name over and over. This is where personal pronouns (subject pronouns) come in pretty handy. Personal pronouns replace a subject noun or name.
     
  Singular (I person)  Plural (2++ persons)
     
1st person yo (I)

nosotros (we, masculine)

nosotras (we, feminine)

     
2nd person

tú (you, familiar) 

 

usted (you, formal)

 

ustedes (you, plural )

     
3rd person

él (he)

ella (she)

ellos (they, masculine)

ellas (they, feminine)

 

yo (I)

  • As you can see, it is not necessary to capitalize "yo" in Spanish like you capitalize "I" in English. It is, of course, capitalized at the beginning of a sentence.

tú (you, singular informal)

  • Spanish has two ways of speaking directly to someone: formally and informally. When you are talking directly to children, relatives, friends, peers, or pets, you should use  "tú," the informal address.

    usted (you, singular formal)

    • Usted is used to directly address someone older, a person you do not know, a superior, or someone you would like to show a lot of respect.

    • You can abbreviate usted as "Ud." It should always be capitalized and with a period in the abbreviated form.

       

    él, ella (he, she)

    • Use these pronouns in place of a person's name.

    • Él carries a tilde to differentiate it from the definite article "el" meaning "the."

       

    nosotros, nosotras (we)

    • Use nosotros/as when speaking about a group of which you are a part.

    • The only difference between nosotros and nosotras is in gender.

    • Nosotros is masculine and is used to refer to a group of men only or a group mixed of men and women. (Even if there are 999 women and 1 man, still use the masculine form!)

    • Nosotras is feminine and is only used when the entire group is female.

     

    ustedes (you, plural formal)

    • Ustedes is commonly abbreviated as "Uds."

    ellos, ellas (they)

    • Ellos and ellas follow the same rules as nosotros  for gender: all men and mixed groups: ellos, all women: ellas

    • Use ellos/ellas when you are replacing more than one person's name or are talking about a group of people